10 out. PDF | This work describes the presence of Contracaecum sp. larvae (Nematoda: Anisakidae) found in food fish of economic importance. Contracaecum genus (Ascaridida: Anisakidae) is a nematode parasite of the fish- eating birds throughout the world. A heavy infection of Contracaecum sp. was. Birds are frequently mentioned as hosts of Contracaecum sp. One cormorant species, Phalacrocorax brasilianus (syn olivaceus) Gmelin, (TORRES, ;.

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The digestive tract was opened and placed in Petri congracaecum containing ap 0. One bird was parasitized by C. However, these birds become debilitated and malnourished, and often have infectious or non-infectious diseases, which interfere in the rehabilitation process Serafini et al.

Penguins as marine sentinels. Co-infections by Csontracaecum pelagicum and C. The average width was 0. For Contracaecum pelagicumin the present study, the mean body length was The formation of the hyaline material around the nematodes in the stomach glands was not fully understood.

Accepted for publication on August 3, Micrographs of some morphological characteristics were obtained with an Olympus BX bright field microscope. Gross lesions in animals infected by Contracaecum spp. From July to Septembereleven young specimens of Magellanic penguins were investigated, regardless of sex, for helminthes in the digestive tract. However, the intensity of parasitic infection was macroscopically rated as low.

For a correct classification of contracaevum species, at least ten male and ten female parasites were observed and measured. A pink to bluish-pink hyaline material was formed deep in the gastric glands around the parasites. Spheniscidae were reported on the coast of Rio de Janeiro.


The aim of this paper was to report the occurrence and pathological findings of Contracaecum pelagicum and C. At the necropsy, one penguin 9.

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In the present study, six animals One of these animals 9. The average size of the lips for males and females was contracawcum. However, parasite diversity studies in this bird are scarce and the presence of C.

In that case, the parasite observed was Contracaecum spiculigerum. Further study of Contracaecum pelagicum Nematoda: Their development and transmission. Principles of disease prevention: As for the C.

Anisakidae have several species of fish as intermediate or paratenic hosts, and piscivorous birds and mammals as definitive hosts Anderson All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. Mortality in little penguins Eudyptula minor along the coast of Victoria, Australia.

Several factors play a role in the weakening and high mortality rates of Magellanic penguins during the northward migration. Parasites of the genus Contracaecum were present in all of the 11 studied animals.

Contracaecum sp | Parasites World

Determination of the number of parasites has not been carried out. In the cases of parasitism by C. In this route, some specimens may deviate from the group, reaching more distant areas of the Brazilian coast, like Rio de Janeiro State and others beaches, where they are rescued.


Anisakidae in Spheniscus magellanicus Aves: In the present study the cause of death was not fully elucidated. Iowa State University Press, Ames. Ascaroidea in a steller sea lion and a white pelican. Spheniscidae has a pelagic and predatory habit, migrating from its reproductive colonies, through ocean currents, to the Brazilian continental shore to eat.

All of penguins were submitted to post-mortem contracqecum. InTimi et al. Gastrointestinal helminthes of fish-eating birds from Chiloe Island, Chile. Spheniscidae from Argentinean coasts. Spheniscidaena costa do Rio de Janeiro, foram relatadas. Parasitic nematodes of Engraulis anchoita Pisces: Parasites of the genus Contracaecum Railliet et Henry, Nematoda: Histopathological findings demonstrated esophagitis with helminthes segments inserted in the epithelium, showing discrete mixed inflammatory infiltrate of heterophils and mononuclear cells.

Nematode parasites of vertebrates: Five-micrometer sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin HE. They have found no obvious evidence of damage by the helminthes in any of the alimentary tracts of the Megadyptes antipodes in New Zeland.

A mean width of 0. The occurrence of infections and the disease induced by Contracaecum plagiaticium and Contracaecum pelagicum in Magellanic penguins, Spheniscus magellanicus Foster. Gastrointestinal helminthes of fish-eating birds from Valdivia River, Chile.

Contracaecum pelagicum and C.